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Яндекс.Метрика

Science and innovation: measurement standards, methodology, international comparisons. Volume 1

Science and innovation: measurement standards, methodology, international comparisons. Volume 1

Osipov G., Mindeli L. - M.: ISPR RAS, 2016. – 432 p.
ISBN 978-5-7556-0565-6 (volume 1)
ISBN 978-5-7556-0563-2

This two-volume book contains extensive papers dedicated to the measurement of science and technology. The authors consider methodological principles and international standards for measuring R&D and innovation, legal and normative basis for science statistics in Russia, the coverage of research activity in the system of national accounts, problems of metrics and methods selection for measuring R&D.
For experts in science statistics, scientometrics, and science studies, as well as government officials in charge of assessing science and technology and developing science policy.

   
Contents
INTRODUCTION

Part 1.
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR MEASURING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
LEGAL AND NORMATIVE INSTRUMENTS FOR OFFICIAL SCIENCE STATISTICS IN RUSSIA


Preface

Chapter 1. History of science and technology indicators
1.1. Origins of scientometrics
1.2. Emergence and development of bibliometrics
1.3. Emergence and development of science statistics
1.4. Emergence of science and technology indicators
1.5. Emergence of economics of knowledge studies

Chapter 2. Development of measurement methodology
2.1. Measurement model
2.1.1. Origins of input-output model
2.1.2. Priority for expenditure measurement
2.2. Input measuremen
2.2.1. Financial resources
2.2.2. Human resources
2.3. Output measurement
2.3.1. Patent data
2.3.2. Technology balance of payments
2.3.3. Trade in high-technology products
2.3.4. Bibliometrics
2.4. Measurement of innovation
2.4.1. Innovation as output
2.4.2. Innovation as activity
2.4.3. Development of integrative approach
2.5. Measurement of related scientific activities

Chapter 3. Main methodological manuals defining international standards for measuring scientific and technological activities
3.1. Frascati Manual - international standards for collecting R&D data
3.2. Oslo Manual - methodology of collecting and analyzing innovation data
3.3. Other Frascati family manuals
3.4. International experience in assessing the development of the economics of knowledge

Chapter 4. Main legal and normative instruments regulating the activities of science organizations in Russia
4.1. Main Federal Laws regulating the activities of science organizations in Russia
4.2. Main normative instruments defining the government science policy

Chapter 5. National practice of constructing statistical indicators assessing the realization of the government science policy, their sources and calculation methods
5.1. Basics of constructing statistical indicators assessing the activities of science organizations and their sources
5.2. Constructing an indicators system for monitoring the development of the economics of knowledge, their calculation methods and sources
5.3. Practice of main science indicators international comparisons

Part 2.
METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF R&D MEASUREMENT: DEFINITIONS, CLASSIFICATIONS, METHODS OF INDICATORS CONSTRUCTION AND CALCULATION PREFACE


Chapter 1. R&D definitions
1.1. Main criteria of R&D definition
1.2. Boundaries and borderline cases
1.3. Special cases

Chapter 2. R&D classifications
2.1. Institutional classification
2.1.1. Business enterprise sector
2.1.2. Government sector
2.1.3. Private non-profit sector
2.1.4. Higher education sector
2.1.5. Abroad
2.1.6. Institutional classification of science applied in Russia
2.2. Functional classification
2.2.1. Type of R&D
2.2.2. Product fields
2.2.3. Life cycle of R&D products

Chapter 3. Measurement of R&D personnel
3.1. Definition and categories of R&D personnel
3.2. Training of highly-qualified R&D and educational personnel
3.3. Methods of measurement and data collecting
3.4. Aggregation

Chapter 4. Measurement of expenditures on R&D
4.1. Intramural expenditures on R&D
4.2. Sources of funds for R&D
4.3. Extramural expenditures on R&D
4.4. National totals (GERD and GNERD)
4.5. Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D (GBAORD)
4.5.1. Sources of data for government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D
4.5.2. Coverage of government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D
4.5.3. Measurement of government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D
4.5.4. Classification of government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D by socio-economic objectives

Chapter 5. Main approaches to conducting surveys and methods of calculation (construction) indicators characterizing research activities of science organizations
5.1. Statistical monitoring system in science
5.2. Basics of conducting surveys in science
5.3. R&D surveys procedure and results estimation
5.4. Target population in R&D surveys and respondents
5.5. Working with respondents
5.6. Results estimation procedures in R&D surveys

Chapter 6. Criteria for selecting priority research directions
6.1. Main notions, definitions, and tasks of priority directions of science and technology development in Russia
6.2. Russian experience and approaches to selecting priority research directions
6.3. Organization of work for selecting the priority directions of science development
6.4. Structural models of a procedure for selecting (actualizing) priority research directions
6.5. Priority directions of basic research in Russia
6.6. Priorities of world's leading countries in basic research

APPENDICES

Appendix 1. List of main indicators used for analyzing the activities of science organizations
Appendix 2. Federal Statistical Monitoring forms used for characterizing the activities of science organizations
Appendix 3. Methodological explanations of main terms used in the analysis of research activities in science organizations
Appendix 4. Glossary of terms used in the statistics of science, technology, and innovation
Appendix 5. List of science organizations having the status of the RF state scientific centre

ACRONYMS

LITERATURE

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