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MEASURING SSH POTENTIAL

MEASURING SSH POTENTIAL

Measuring SSH Potential. GlobalSSH Data Book. Moscow: CSDS RAS, 2007. 179 p. ISBN 978-5-91294-008-8



GlobalSSH Data Book Measuring SSH Potential, produced by GlobalSSH project, is published by CSDS RAS. The aim of the Data Book is to represent general macro-environments of the countries under observation of GlobalSSH project and to depict Social Sciences and the Humanities focus in the national systems of Science and Technology, and Higher Education in the countries selected for in-depth study of the project. GlobalSSH project is supported by the 6th FP EU Framework Programme and INTAS.

The book comprises of eight sections. The fist section describes a macro-environment situation in the following countries: China, Estonia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. The latter 11 countries are included in the group of New Independent States (NIS) arisen from the disintegration of the former Soviet Union in 1991. The data, represented in this section, have been taken from internationally available sources.

The other seven sections are focused on SSH potential indicators in the project partner countries: China, Estonia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine. The data of these sections originate from national statistical publications on Higher Education and S&T as well as from the departmental statistics of some countries and specific data bases of the appropriate statistical bodies and research organisations. For a users comfort, all tables and charts are supplied with data sources. In case of necessity and for a more detailed investigation of both SSH human resources and other HE and S&T characteristics of the countries, readers could be addressed to these data sources.

The electronic version of the Data Book will be placed on GlobalSSH project website: http://www.globalsocialscience.org

   
Contents
Introduction. Methodological Notes
1. Countries Macro-Environment: International Comparisons
1.1. General information indicators: total population, annual population growth rate, life
expectancy at birth, national currency, GDP per capita
1.2. Gross domestic product (GDP)
1.3. Average annual growth of GDP in 19902000 and 20002005
1.4. Gross national income (GNI) per capita
1.5. Literacy rate
1.6. Human development index (HDI) trends
1.7. Tertiary education, ISCED 5 and 6: enrolment and teaching staff
1.8. Tertiary education graduates, ISCED 5 and 6, by gender and field of speciality: 2004
1.9. Education expenditure and tertiary education expenditure by expense item: 2004
1.10. Total R&D personnel and researchers per million inhabitants
1.11. Total gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) and GERD per capita
1.12. GERD as a percentage of GDP in 2002
1.13. ICT access indicators: telephones (main lines in use and mobile cellular), Internet country codes,
Internet hosts and users
1.14. ICT access indicators: telephones (main lines in use and mobile cellular), Internet hosts
and users per 1000 population
2. Countries Profiles: China
2.1. Higher education institutions, teaching staff, student enrolment and graduates
2.2. Higher education students studying abroad and graduates returned from abroad
2.3. Student enrolment in regular institutions of higher education by field of study
2.4. Graduates in regular institutions of higher education by field of study
2.5. Postgraduate enrolment and postgraduate graduates by SSH field in 2004
2.6. Postgraduate enrolment and postgraduate graduates in regular HE institutions by SSH field in 2004
2.7. Postgraduate enrolment and postgraduate graduates in research institutions by SSH field in 2004
2.8. R&D personnel, scientists and engineers
2.9. Distribution of R&D personnel by type of activity
2.10. Percentage distribution of R&D personnel by type of activity and sector of performance in 2003
2.11. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
2.12. Government appropriations for science and technology
2.13. Government appropriations for science and technology by fund category
2.14. Percentage distribution of R&D project expenditure by field of science in 2003
3. Countries Profiles: Estonia
3.1. Higher education institutions
3.2. Public and private higher education institutions
3.3. Higher education enrolment
3.4. Higher education enrolment per 10 000 Inhabitants
3.5. Higher education enrolment by SSH speciality
3.6. Percentage of women in the enrolment by SSH specialty
3.7. Higher education graduates
3.8. Higher education graduates by SSH speciality
3.9. Doctoral (postgraduate) enrolment by SSH field
3.10. Doctoral (postgraduate) graduates by SSH field
3.11. Total public expenditures on education and higher education
3.12. Total public expenditures on education and higher education as a percentage of GDP
3.13. R&D personnel in non-profit institutional sectors (HE, Government, and PNP) and business
enterprise sector
3.14. R&D personnel by type of non-profit institutional sector (HE, Government, and PNP)
3.15. R&D personnel and researchers by institutional sector
3.16. Researchers by SSH field in non-profit institutional sectors (HE, Government, and PNP)
3.17. Researchers with academic degree by SSH field in higher education sector
3.18. Researchers with academic degree by SSH field in private non-profit sector
3.19. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) and government appropriations for R&D
3.20. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP and government appropriations
for R&D as a percentage of total government expenditure
3.21. Percentage distribution of gross domestic expenditure on R&D by source of funds
3.22. R&D expenditure in non-profit institutional sectors (HE, Government, and PNP) by SSH field
4. Countries Profiles: Armenia
4.1. Higher education institutions and enrolment
4.2. Higher education enrolment by SSH speciality
4.3. Higher education graduates and SSH graduates
4.4. Public appropriations for higher and postgraduate education
4.5. Postgraduate institutions and postgraduate enrolment by type
4.6. Postgraduate enrolment by SSH field
4.7. Postgraduate graduates by SSH field
4.8. Candidate and doctor dissertations defended and degree awarded
4.9. Candidate and doctor dissertations defended and degree awarded by gender and by selected
SSH field in 19992006
4.10. R&D organisation and personnel
4.11. Researchers and technicians, and researchers with scientific degree
4.12. Researchers in SSH research centres of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia
4.13. Researchers with scientific degree in SSH research centres of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia
4.14. Researchers in SSH research centres of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia by SSH profile
4.15. Gross domestic expenditure and budget appropriations on R&D
4.16. Budget allocations for SSH research centres of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia
5. Countries Profiles: Azerbaijan
5.1. Higher education institutions and enrolment
5.2. Women in higher education enrolment
5.3. Public higher education enrolment by SSH field
5.4. Private higher education enrolment by SSH field
5.5. Public higher education graduates by SSH field
5.6. Private higher education graduates by SSH field
5.7. Postgraduate institutions and postgraduate enrolment by type
5.8. Postgraduate enrolment by SSH field
5.9. Postgraduate graduates by SSH field
5.10. Candidate dissertations defended on a competitive base in 2004 and 2005 by SSH field
5.11. Doctoral institutions and doctoral enrolment by type of institution
5.12. Doctoral enrolment by SSH field
5.13. Doctoral graduates by SSH field
5.14. Organisations performing R&D by type
5.15. R&D organisations by sector of performance
5.16. R&D personnel
5.17. Researchers by SSH field and scientific degree
5.18. Women researchers by SSH field and scientific degree
5.19. State budget appropriations for science and technology
5.20. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by source
5.21. Intramural current expenditure on R&D by SSH field
5.22. Distribution of intramural current expenditure on R&D in SSH by type of activity in 2005
6. Countries Profiles: Georgia
6.1. Higher education institutions
6.2. Higher education enrolment
6.3. Higher education institutions by SSH field
6.4. Higher education enrolment by SSH field
6.5. Higher education graduates by SSH field
6.6. Postgraduate student enrolment by type of institutions
6.7. Postgraduate graduates by type of institutions
6.8. Postgraduate student enrolment by SSH field
6.9. Postgraduate entrants by SSH field
6.10. Postgraduate graduates by SSH field
6.11. Defended candidate dissertations by SSH field
6.12. Doctor's degree awarded
6.13. Government appropriations for higher education
6.14. R&D organisations
6.15. Researchers by SSH field
6.16. Candidates of sciences by SSH field
6.17. Doctors of sciences by SSH field
6.18. Female researchers
6.19. Government appropriations for R&D
7. Countries Profiles: Russia
7.1. Higher education institutions by federal districts
7.2. Public and private HE institutions
7.3. Public higher education enrolment by SSH speciality
7.4. Public higher education female enrolment
7.5. Private higher education enrolment by SSH speciality
7.6. Public higher education graduates by SSH speciality
7.7. Private higher education graduates by SSH speciality
7.8. Consolidated budgetary appropriations for education (for all levels of education combined) in 19992005
7.9. Consolidated budgetary appropriations for education (for all levels of education combined)
as a percentage of consolidated budget and of GDP in 19992005
7.10. Postgraduate institutions by type and postgraduate institutions by SSH field
7.11. Postgraduate enrolment by SSH field
7.12. Postgraduate graduates by SSH field
7.13. Candidate (postgraduate) dissertations defended by postgraduate graduates and competitors
by SSH field in 2004 and 2005
7.14. Doctoral institutions by type and doctoral institutions by SSH field
7.15. Doctoral enrolment by SSH field
7.16. Doctoral graduates by SSH field
7.17. Candidate degrees awarded by SSH field
7.18. Doctor degrees awarded by SSH field
7.19. Percentage distribution of candidate degrees awarded by gender and SSH field in 2004
7.20. Percentage distribution of doctor degrees awarded by gender and SSH field in 2004
7.21. Organisations performing R&D by type
7.22. R&D Institutions by sector of performance
7.23. R&D personnel
7.24. Researchers by SSH field and gender
7.25. Researchers by SSH field
7.26. Researchers with scientific degrees by SSH field and gender in 2005
7.27. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD)
7.28. Intramural current expenditure on R&D by sector of performance and SSH field
7.29. Intramural current expenditure on R&D by type of activity and SSH field
8. Countries Profiles: Ukraine
8.1. Higher education institutions, enrolment, and graduates
8.2. Government appropriations for education and higher education
8.3. Postgraduate institutions by type
8.4. Postgraduate enrolment
8.5. Postgraduate graduates and defended candidate dissertations
8.6. Doctoral institutions by type
8.7. Doctoral enrolment
8.8. Doctoral graduates
8.9. R&D organisations by sector of performance
8.10. R&D organisations by ownership and by SSH profile
8.11. R&D personnel and researchers of SSH profile
8.12. Researchers of SSH profile by gender and SSH researchers with scientific degrees
8.13. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) and GERD as a percentage of GDP
8.14. Government appropriations for R&D and intramural current expenditure on R&D
List of abbreviations

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